Missing Text File Option in Windows 11 Settings – How to Restore it


Demystifying the Windows Operating System: A Deep Dive

Over its decades-long history, Windows has cemented itself as the world’s dominant desktop operating system. But while we may feel intimately familiar with using Windows, many intricacies under the hood remain shrouded in mystery. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll peel back the layers on the inner workings of Windows to uncover the secrets powering one of tech’s greatest success stories.

The Genesis of Windows

Windows owes its existence to the pioneering work at Xerox PARC in the 1970s. There, researchers created the Xerox Alto, featuring a graphical user interface (GUI) that inspired the first version of Windows in 1985. Since then, Windows has evolved dramatically through iterations like Windows 95, XP, and 7.

The latest entry, Windows 11, represents a major leap incorporating powerful capabilities like:

  • A redesigned UI with rounded corners and a centered Start menu.
  • Integrated Android app support via the Amazon Appstore.
  • Enhanced gaming performance from Auto HDR and DirectStorage.
  • Strengthened security through firmware protections like Secure Boot and HVCI.

Under the hood, however, Windows 11 retains the same architectural foundation powering all Windows releases since the Windows NT family launched in 1993.

Diving Into the Windows Architecture

At its core, Windows utilizes a layered modular architecture that logically separates components based on their roles. Let’s walk through the key layers:

The Windows Kernel

The Windows Kernel forms the heart of the operating system. It handles low-level tasks like CPU scheduling, memory management, device drivers, security, and thread/process management. The kernel provides the windowing implementation and controls interactions between software and hardware.

The Windows Executive

Built atop the kernel, this layer contains core operating system services for the UI, object management, and low-level input/output operations. The Windows Executive underpins vital functions like the Registry database and the graphics subsystem.

The Windows API

API stands for Application Programming Interface. The Windows API serves as the gatekeeper for programs to tap into operating system functions. APIs at this layer include user32.dll for managing windows and GDI32.dll for graphics operations.

Shell and Runtime Libraries

The Shell provides the familiar Windows UI we know and love. It combines the desktop environment, File Explorer, Taskbar, Start menu and more. Runtime libraries round out the stack with functionality like .NET and Visual C++ used broadly by Windows programs.

Managing Windows Settings

Tweaking Windows settings provides extensive control to customize the user experience. While the modern UI offers simple access to basic settings, power users can unlock additional options via the Registry Editor.

Accessing the Registry Editor requires using the Windows search bar, PowerShell, Command Prompt, Task Manager or the Run dialog. The registry stores low-level settings for Windows; editing the registry incorrectly can cause system instability, so caution is advised.

Backing up the registry before making changes allows restoring original settings if problems occur. Once in the Registry Editor, navigable keys control system-wide configuration options.

Looking Ahead

Windows has achieved dominance through its continual evolution. With cloud computing growing exponentially, Microsoft is hard at work on Windows adaptations to preserve its foothold. Project Volterra offers a vision of Windows on portable ARM devices with instant-on capability and always-on connectivity.

Meanwhile, Windows 365 streams desktop environments virtually through the cloud browser. These innovations point to Windows remaining a computing pillar for the foreseeable future.

In this guide, we peeled back the curtain on the Windows architecture’s intricacies. With these insights, you can wield Windows like a pro and optimize your computing experience. If you found this deep dive valuable, let me know in the comments which aspects of Windows you would like illuminated in future posts!


  1. https://superuser.com/questions/1685353/re-add-create-new-text-file-to-windows-11-context-menu
  2. https://www.winhelponline.com/blog/new-text-document-missing-windows-11/?amp=1